The story of Tuzigoot National Monument, in Arizona’s Verde Valley, is that of a small town taking pride in its ancestral Native American history, securing funds from a mining company and the federal government to excavate a hilltop ruin associated with local tribes, and developing heritage tourism during the Great Depression. Its development, however, was dependent on military campaigns that drove Yavapai and Apache people on to the San Carlos Reservation. Today, despite evidence of environmental degradation caused by industrial-scale mining and smelting during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, heritage and agritourism brings visitors to the area for wine tasting, bird watching, and kayaking. In an ironic twist, the Yavapai-Apache Nation now litigates to protect the health of the river on behalf of the communities who depend upon it.
- © 2016 by The Regents of the University of California and the National Council on Public History